At the conclusion of World War I, a once promised unified Arab state, which was to include the modern Hejaz, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine/Israel, Jordan and Iraq, did not materialize. Instead, the territories were divided between the French and British, but the British did reward the Hashemites by putting local leaders on the thrones of Iraq and Jordan. In 1924, when the revolutionary government of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk declared Turkey a secular state and abolished the Caliphate, the Sharif (now King) declared himself Caliph, and it appeared that a new Arab-based Caliphate centered on Mecca would emerge. However, this was also not to be, because the Saudis had reformed their power base in central Arabia. While the first Saudi state had been shattered in 1818 by Muhammad Ali Pasha, in 1824 another branch of the Saudi clan had captured Riyadh, making it the capital of their more cautious second Saudi state. Their growth had been slow for some time, but they took advantage of the crumbling Ottoman Empire to consolidate power and in 1925 attacked the Hejaz. With that, the Saudis stormed Mecca and drove out the Hashemite clan. Like the Hashemites, the Saudi family consisted of Arabs, but the family came from the Nejd, an area of the Arabian Peninsula to the east closer to the Persian Gulf. In the late 18th century, the ambitious Muhammed bin Saud, the head of the family and the Sultan of Nejd, allied himself with a theologian named Muhammad ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhab (1703-1792). Wahhab taught that Islam´s weakened position (compared to the rising Christian powers of his era) was due to an internal weakness within the Islamic community. He taught that increasing numbers of Muslims had turned their backs on the teachings of the Prophet and had corrupted Islam with pagan influences. He was particularly scornful of Shi’a Islam or any practices that he did not see directly referenced within the Qur’an, and he sought to ´´purify´´ the religion and return it to... 1. Language: English. Narrator: Ken Teutsch. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/071245/bk_acx0_071245_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The stories narrate the tricks, deceit and greed of hyena in all his relationships. These traits come out strongly in the tales entitled ´´The Cow, Hyena, Lion and Hare Share a Home´´, ´´Hyena and Hare Go in Search of Food´´ and ´´The Hyena and the Hare´´. Hare, however, shows his ingenuity to always outsmart hyena. Cat´s pilgrimage to Mecca and his self righteous attitude on his return was challenged by the eldest member of the clan of rats. He was reminded of his old ways before his transformation. Gambian folk tales carry moral lessons and even though they are not all spelt out in this collection, they are evident. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Kumba Manneh, Sohna Gaye, Linguere Eunson, Sukai Mbye Bojang. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/004769/bk_acx0_004769_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
During the 1970s New York City was a mecca for heroin and cocaine usage, with addiction a major health concern. The majority of these drugs were trafficked and sold by traditional organized crime families such as the Gambino, Bonnano, and Genovese LCN clans. One location where these groups planned, trafficked, and sold these drugs - affectionately called Boy for heroin and Girl for cocaine - was in the Bronx. A special unit was put together to gather information on these groups and subsequently dismantle their networks. This unit of the NYPD, under the auspices of the Organized Crime Control Bureau, was able to accomplish this through many hard-working hours and the assistance of an informant, namely ´´Kenny O.” The members of this group were diverse in nature, speaking Spanish and Italian as well as the Sicilian dialect. This memoir is the actual story of the relationship of Kenny O and Tony Pesca, the NYPD officer assigned to work with Kenny O in an undercover capacity to infiltrate these groups which included several violent and sociopathic members who eventually placed both Kenny O and Tony Pesca in harm’s way. Kenny O was bright and had a humorous personality which led to a few cases that bring laughter to the listener. This story brings to the listener the life events of both Tony Pesca and Kenny O that led to their relationship. But the success they achieved is unmatched in bringing down several notorious traffickers and contract killers. Additional information from Kenny O led to the conviction and incarceration of the head of the Gambino LCN family - John Gotti. 1. Language: English. Narrator: James Romick. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/076723/bk_acx0_076723_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.